Permanent Birth Control For Women

Permanent birth control for women is a choice, and for others it is a medical necessity. Currently there are several methods of permanent birth control methods that prove to be effective, in preventing pregnancy. Tubal ligation is one method of sterilization that involves tying, clipping or burning the ends of the fallopian tubes. This method is successful in preventing the egg from entering the uterus, where it has the possibility of being fertilized. The procedure used to perform this method of sterilization is called electro-cauterization.

Years ago, this procedure was performed vaginally, and recovery time took weeks or even months. Today there are safer alternatives to the traditional tubal ligation. There are currently three types of tubal ligations that can be performed.

A minilaparotomy is done within a 48-hour period after the mother has given birth. This procedure takes an average of up to 20 minutes to complete. This procedure requires no major surgery and can done while the patient is under local anesthesia. This method of permanent sterilization for women have been preferred more so than oral contraceptives.

The second type of tubal ligation is the laparoscopic. It involves placing carbon dioxide inside the abdomen, by means of a small incision. This procedure requires the delicate hands of especially skilled doctors, due to the use of special surgical equipment. The recovery time is quicker and fewer complications are expected. The time frame allocated for this procedure is ten minutes. The fallopian tubes are fused with a laser or other electro device, and tied off with clips or bands.

The third type of tubal sterilization is the laparoscopy. This procedure is evasive, and is normally performed after a cesarean delivery. This type of surgery allows the doctor more freedom, and more room to perform this procedure. Due to the fact that the fallopian tubes are more visible.

Hysteroscopic sterilization is a method of permanent birth control that can be performed on an outpatient basis. A small thin tube is inserted into the opening of the fallopian tubes through the vagina to prevent pregnancy. This mild procedure has minimal side effects and the down time expected after this procedure is 24 hours. Several months after the surgery an imaging x-ray may be required to verify the accurate position of the device.

Essure is a method of sterilization that many women are clinging to. The procedure involves no surgery, no use of lasers, and no altering of the fallopian tubes. This method is more than 99% effective, requires no anesthesia, and no hormonal shots. Inserts, which are silicone free, are placed inside the fallopian tubes to block the onset of pregnancy, by preventing the egg from reaching the uterus. Essure can be done in the doctor’s office in about 10 minutes or less. Doctors, which are trained to perform the Essure procedures should be consulted prior to picking any doctor.

Centuries ago, women choices of sterilization was almost non-existent. Compared to the unlimited sterilization methods in place today she was faced with one sure method (abstinence) of preventing pregnancy. Today women have the opportunity to choose their method of permanent sterilization. The tubal ligation was the only other choice that was available, throughout the years, which really left women no other options. Thanks to modern science permanent sterilization for women have grown to the point where women are given more choices, more freedom, and more control over their bodies.

History of Condoms

1000 BC

First use of some form of condoms can be traced back several thousand years back in history. It is known that even the ancient Egyptians around 1000 BC used a linen cloth in the form similar to condom to protect themselves against disease.

100-200 AD

The earliest evidence of condom use in Europe comes from the cave drawings in Les Combarelles, France.

1500s- the sixteenth century

The first known published record, which is the description and study of condom use as a prophylactic, was recorded in Italy. Gabrielle Fallopius claimed that he is the inventor of linen protection cover for the penis and that he conducted the research in 1100 men who used this protection. None of the 1,100 men were infected with syphilis. Having recognized the usefulness of condoms in protecting against infection, it was only later understood contraceptive role of condoms in preventing pregnancy.

In the sixteenth century first condom improvements were made when the first flax fabric was soaked in a chemical solution and dried before use – that was the first spermicidal condom.

Eighteenth century

Condoms made from animal intestines appeared in use. However, they were quite expensive which had the unfortunate result in reusing them – a condom was used several times. This type of condom was described at that time as “armor against pleasure, a cobweb against infection”.


Goodyear and Hancock began to mass-produce condoms made from vulcanized rubber. Vulcanization is a process that translates the raw rubber into a strong and resilient material.


First ad for condoms appeared in U.S. newspapers when The New York Times published an ad for ‘Dr. Power’s French Preventatives’.


The Comstock’s law was adopted, named after Anthony Comstock. This law made any kind of birth control advertising illegal and also allowed the postal service to confiscate condoms sold by mail.


The first latex condom was produced although latex condoms become widely available only until the thirties years of the twentieth century. By 1935 1.5 million condoms were being produced each day in the United States. Latex is made from the juice of the tree that grows mainly in Asia and Brazil.

80’s and 90’s of XX century

80’s, condoms were produced by few producers, mostly from the United States. In 1987 Japanese Kimono brand became available to consumers. These condoms were thin and well lubricated and in commercials pleasure was emphasized rather than protection.

In 90’s began the mass production of various types of condoms and also during those years the first polyurethane condom was produced.

By 1993 the annual production of natural latex condoms has reached a figure of 8.5 billion.

Choosing the right condom is mostly the matter of finding the perfect fitting condom.

Tube Ligation Reversal Basic Information

A woman has to be completely sure about her decision to undergo tube ligation or she’ll face the irreversible outcome of not be able to bear a child anymore. The weight of that decision carries a certain burden for them as their choice will surely have a life altering consequence that is permanent. However, rapid advancement in micro surgical methods now allows women to give birth again by having their tubes untied.

Tube Ligation is the procedure by which the fallopian tubes are severed to prevent the ovary from getting fertilized. It is a form of contraception that has been touted as the safest way to avoid pregnancy, compared with other contraceptive methods, with almost 100% efficiency according to government’s statistical records.

However, women at some point in their lives may change their mind and want the process reversed.

The recent development in tubal ligation operation makes it possible to untie tubes and thus successfully reversing the situation. Now, women who have a change of mind can get it done with the assurance from countless of other women who have gone through the identical operation.

This method involves opening the severed tubes and reconnecting it by means of microsurgery. Microsurgery decreases the chance of tissue damage and excessive bleeding.

The whole process is managed by a reproductive surgeon who needs extra care in handling and use of microscopic equipments. His dexterity is particularly tested when sliding small needle above the tissues which is necessary to hold the ends of the tube together to speed healing.

You might be already thinking that the costs to have your tubes untied must be huge since the methods and operation calls for a first class surgeon that will facilitate the operation. And right you are, a typical cost of tube reversal averages $6,500 USD which is ridiculously high compared to the ligation process which only cost less than a hundred dollars and is sometimes given for free at public health centers.

Now, you may need to have a look at other alternatives that will help you in your expense needing for the operation. If your insurance won’t pay for the surgery, then a tube reversal financing is the means to proceed.

Micheal Yates takes the time to discuss the impact of tube ligation and how to reverse the process in case a woman have a change of heart.

Different Forms of Contraceptives

Birth control, also known as contraception, refers to prevention of unwanted pregnancy. It is an integral part of family planning for married couples and a proactive safety measure for unmarried women. Contraception usually becomes an important consideration for a woman following her involvement in an unprotected sexual intercourse because of a contraceptive failure, as in the case of a torn condom, or other reasons.

The existing birth control methods vary from hormonal contraception to the use of physical barriers such as condom or intrauterine device (IUD). Among these methods, hormonal birth control tablets have earned the trust of millions of women worldwide for their safety and reliability. More than 25 hormonal contraceptive pills are now available in the UK market, helping many women make the right choice at the right time.

Regular and emergency contraceptive pills

Hormonal birth control medicines are available in two forms: regular contraceptive pills and emergency contraceptive pills (also known as morning after pills). Regular pills are usually a combined formulation containing synthetic versions of oestrogen and progesterone, two sex hormones that your body produces naturally. However, certain contraceptive pills contain only a single hormone and yet are indicated to be taken on a regular basis for prevention of pregnancy. Cerazette (desogestrel) is a popular medicine belonging to this category.

Emergency contraception, as the term suggests, is indicated to be used only when the need for contraception is urgent. It may so happen that you forget to take your regular contraceptive dose for a couple of days, or you have sex in the weekend when your neighbourhood pharmacies are closed. Under such circumstances, emergency contraceptives (EC) pills are probably your last resort to avoid getting pregnant. These pills are also called ‘mini pills’ because of their small hormonal content. The most popular pills in this category include ellaOne 30 and Levonelle 1500.

How to make the right contraceptive choice

Every woman is different, so what may suit one woman may not suit another. Consider the following pros and cons of both types of contraception before making a choice.


Regular birth control pills such as Microgynon, Cilest, Yasmin and Cerazette are almost 100% effective in preventing pregnancy. Most of the regular contraceptives are meant to be used for long term and can be helpful for women who have just had a miscarriage or an abortion. Certain regular pills can also give you relief from mood disorders which many women complain about while using contraceptive methods.

Some women suffer from adverse drug reactions to oestrogen. Progesterone-only emergency pills can be very helpful for them. Another benefit of emergency contraceptives is that they work instantly to prevent ovulation. But it is advisable that you consult a doctor to find out which method of contraception caters best to your contraceptive need.


Despite outstanding efficacy and safety, dual-hormone pills can cause certain adverse side effects, including breast tenderness, nausea, headache, and weight gain. A mini pill, on the other hand, can create irregular bleeding pattern soon after you start taking it. Most hormonal contraception methods are not recommended for women who are already pregnant or nursing.

Whichever form of contraception you choose, make sure it’s a prescription drug. It can save you from lots of unnecessary hassles and anxieties.

Making the right contraceptive choice is important for women who have sex on a regular basis.